Marine Insurance

"Provides protection against all risks associated with erection, testing, commissioning of machinery etc."

Odoo image and text block

Marine Insurance (Cargo)

Marine Insurance is a type of insurance that covers cargo losses or damages byproviding protection against transport related risks, whilst goods are transported from one place to other by railways, roadways, sea/waterways or airways. This is the oldest form of insurance which is still practiced worldwide. In India, the fundamental principles of Marine Insurance are drawn from the Marine Insurance Act, 1963. It is agreed value insurancewith an option of 10% markup on invoice value for incidental expenses involved in shipment. Cost of goods, Freight Charges (if applicable) and other expenses incidental to transit could be covered under this insurance. A must for all the Companies where the movement of goods happen where the risk need to covered. 

COCERAGE: There are basically 3 types of covers offered by insurers in marine (cargo) insurance policies, which are briefed below.

1. International Cargo Clause (ICC) A, B, and C – for Overseas Shipments             2.   Inland Transit Clause (ITC) A, B and C – for Inland Shipments


This is a form of All Risk insurance which is governed by exclusions, rather than coverage. So this cover offers indemnification against loss or damage to the subject whilst goods are in transit by every peril which has not been excluded in the policy. Some of the common exclusions in this cover are mentioned in the General Exclusions section for reference.


  • Willful misconduct of assured 

  • Ordinary leakage/spillage port shortages , ordinary losses in weight or volume or ordinary wear and tear

  • Insufficiency or unsuitability of packing or preparation of the subject matter insured. 

  • Inherent vice or nature of the subject matter insured.

  • Delay

  • Insolvency/financial default of carriers 

  • War, Strike, Riot and Civil Commotion 

  • Deliberate damage to or deliberate destruction of the subject matter insured 

  • Losses arising from nuclear weapons 

  • Losses arising from Moisture & ordinary trade losses 

  • Losses Due to overloading, Unsuitability of carrying conveyance and unseaworthyness of vessel


This cover is also known as Basic Cover in which only some named perils are covered. This cover offers indemnification against loss of or damage to the subject-matter insured, reasonably attributable to below perils.

  • Fire or Explosion 
  • Vessel or Craft being stranded grounded sunk or capsized 
  • Overturning or Derailment of land conveyance 
  • Collision or contact of vessel craft or conveyance with any external object other than water 
  • Discharge of cargo at a port of distress 
  • Earthquake, Volcanic Eruption or Lightning
  •  General Average Sacrifice
  • Jettison or Washing Overboard 
  • Entry of Sea, Lake or River Water into vessel, craft hold conveyance, container, lift van or place of storage, 
  • Total loss of any package lost overboard or dropped whilst loading on to, or unloading from, vessel or craft.


This cover offers indemnification against loss or damage to the subject whilst goods are in transit due to only a few named perils as mentioned below.

  • Fire or Explosion
  • Vessel or craft being stranded, grounded, sunk or capsized
  • Overturning or Derailment of land conveyance 
  • Collision or contact of vessel craft or conveyance with any external object other than water
  •  Discharge of cargo at a port of distress
  • General Average Sacrifice - Jettison

Major Extensions Available

  • For Inland Transit: Strike, Riot and Civil Commotion
      For Overseas Transit: War, Strike, Riot and Civil Commotion Duty and Increased Value Insurance (for Imports only)

Various Types of Marine (Cargo) Insurance

There are many types of Marine (Cargo) insurance policies practiced worldwide.

Some of the common Marine (Cargo) Insurance policies in India are briefed below, which are sufficient to cover almost every shipment associated with all types of entities.

Marine Open Policy

It is suitable to entities with regular inland shipment and huge volume of transactions. It is issued for Inland shipments on ITC A, B or C Terms.Inland Shipments in conjunction to Sales and/or Purchases are covered in this policy but it could also be extended to cover any other movements not involving contract of sale like Inter-depot movementetc.Terms of the policy were decided and agreed depending on nature of cargo, estimated sum insured,type of voyage/shipment etc. covering all the agreed transits/shipment within a specified period, generally 12 months. This policy provides automatic and continuous protection to shipments in course of business. Insured is bound to declare each and every shipmentagreed in policy, within a month,as per the declaration clause in the policy, generally by 10th day of subsequent month. The cover will cease to exist once the sum insured exhausted or upon completion of 12 months, whichever shall occur first.Premium for utilized sum insured get refunded after expiry of the policy.

Read More

Marine Open Cover Policy

Open covers are commonly used in international trade.It is suitable to entities with regular overseas shipment and huge volume of transactions. Entities purchase this type of coverage because it eliminates the need to negotiate terms of a new policy each time a shipment is made to/fro any international destination. It is issued for overseas (export/import) shipments on ICC A, B or C terms. This cover is similar Marine Open policy in many aspects, only it is not a policy but an open cover in which terms are agreed and decided for all shipments within a specified period, usually 12 months. Insured is needed declareindividual shipments before the inception of transit & get issued a certificate from insurer on terms already agreed.

Marine Sales Turnover Policy

It is suitable to entities with huge sales turnover.This is a highly customizable policy depending on insured’s business requirement. It is an Open Policy in the real sense of the term. Sales Turnover Policy is a flexible Marine Cargo Insurance Policy which covers the insurable Risks associated with the transit of goods. This policy has the unparallel advantage of covering not just the entire sales turnover of the company but can be extended to cover the purchases, imports, exports, inter-depot movements, movements related to Job work, transit from factory to warehouse, warehouse to dealerships & from dealerships to customers, movement of capital items etc.Varied terms are incorporated for varied transits in a single policy and instead of getting issued a certificate for each overseas shipment or declaring each and every inland shipments o monthly basis, insured declares his total sales turnover on quarterly basis and premium is adjusted accordingly.

Marine Specific Policy

This policy offers indemnification against loss or damage to cargo during a Specific Single Transit only. Cover could be customized as per the requirement & nature of cargo, on agreed premium. It is suitable for entities where need to insure the cargo/shipment arise occasionally. It could be issued for inland (sales/purchase) as well as overseas (export/import) shipments. The cover will cease to exist once the insured cargo reaches its destination.

Read More

Annual Policy

This policy is issued where contract of sale is not involved like inter depot transfer. It covers goods belonging to the assured or held in trust by the assured. This policy is not assignable or transferable. It is issued for a period of 12 months.

Read More

Policyholders who wish to purchase an insurance policy will have to ensure that they meet the eligibility criteria that are set by the insurer.

Parameters                             Criteria for eligibility

Minimum age at entry                        8 years

Maximum age at entry                         55 years

Maximum age at maturity                  75 years

Sum Assured-  The sum assured is a certain amount of money that one is entitled to receive from the insurer, before any the addition of any bonuses or accrued benefits.


Minimum Sum Assured                      Rs.1 lakh

Maximum Sum Assured                      No Limit


Premiums-  The premium is a sum of money that one pays in exchange for an insurance policy, as per the premium payment mode. For the New Endowment Plan, the exact premium will vary based on your policy tenure, sum assured, age at entry, etc. Certain aspects of your premium payments and policy tenure are listed below.


Minimum term of the policy                 12 years

Maximum term of the policy                 35 years

Premium Payment Mode                      *Yearly





Death Benefit

If the policy holder passes away during the policy tenure, the Sum Assured on Death, Final Additional Bonus, and the vested Simple Reversionary Bonus will be paid as the death benefit.

Maturity Benefit

If the policy holder survives till the end of the policy tenure, he/she will be paid a maturity benefit. The maturity benefit will include Basic Sum Assured, Final Additional Bonus, and the vested Simple Reversionary Bonus.

If one wishes to customize the policy or increase the level of protection offered by the base policy, the policy buyer can opt for LIC’s Accidental Death and Disability Benefit Rider, by paying an added premium. With this rider, if the policyholder succumbs to an untimely death due to an accident, his/her nominee will be paid the Accident Benefit Sum Assured in addition to the base policy’s death benefit. If the policyholder suffers from permanent disability due to an accident, the Accident Benefit Sum Assured will be paid in the form of equal installments over a 10-year period. This is extremely beneficial since it can serve as an income replacement.

The New Endowment Plan has suicide exclusion. If the life assured succumbs to death due to suicide within a year of purchasing the policy, LIC will return 80% of the overall premiums paid to the nominee. The standard death benefit will not be paid, in this case. If the policyholder commits suicide within a year of reviving the policy, the insurer will pay the nominee the surrender value of the policy or 80% of the overall premiums, based on whichever is higher.


Free-Look Period

The policy buyer is given a 15-day free-look period to review the policy terms, and return it if they find it unsatisfactory.

Policy Loan

Once the policy has acquired a surrender value, one can avail a loan against the policy.

Surrender Value

The policy can only be surrendered if a minimum of 3 years’ due premiums have been paid. LIC may choose to pay the policyholder the Special Surrender Value or the Guaranteed Surrender Value, based on whichever is the higher out of the two.

Paid-Up Value

If the life assured has paid the due premiums for at least 3 years and has missed the subsequent premium payment, the policy will not wholly void, but will be converted into a paid-up policy.

Policy Revival

If due premiums are not paid by the end of the grace period, the policy will lapse. The policyholder can revive a lapsed policy within 2 years from the date of the first due unpaid premium.


*Policyholders who pay their premiums on a yearly/half-yearly mode are entitled to receive a rebate on their total premium.

*Policyholders who have opted for a sum assured over Rs.2 lakh are eligible to receive a rebate.

Grace Period

*Annual, Bi-Annual, Quarterly Mode of Premium Payment: 30-day grace period

*Monthly Mode of Premium Payment: 15-day grace period

Policyholders can claim tax deductions for premiums paid and benefits received as per Section 80C and Section 10(10D) of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

There is nothing that can replace the loss of a loved one. But a life insurance policy ensures that, at the very least, one’s dependents don’t have to go through financial hardships in case of an unfortunate eventuality. The New Endowment Plan from LIC guarantees the policyholder/nominee a range of benefits including a comprehensive risk cover, a maturity benefit, payment of bonuses, the option to avail a loan, etc.

The Life Insurance Corporation of India or LIC is one of the leading life insurance firms in the country. The insurer has a claim settlement ratio (CSR) of 98.33% for FY15-16, which was one of the highest CSRs reported that year. The insurer also has a range of insurance product offerings in order to cater to the needs of their customers.

  • Features:

     Low-risk plans as the maturity benefits are guaranteed and well defined.

    Gives financial security to your loved ones.

    Tax benefits under section 80 (C) under Income tax Act.

    Bonus of two types are paid

    Revisionary Bonus: It is the additional money to be paid to the nominee in the event of death of policyholder or added to maturity amount in case of with-profits policy. Once this option is taken it cannot be changed if the policy is in force till maturity or death of the insured.

    Terminal Bonus: It is the discretionary amount of money that is added to the payments to be made at end of the policy or on the death of the policyholder.

    Rider Benefits:

    Following are the riders for the policyholders to choose as per requirements; 

    #Accidental Death Benefit

    #Family Income Benefit

    #Critical Illness Benefit

    #Hospital Cash Benefit

    #Waiver of Premium Benefit

    #Accidental Permanent Total/Partial Disability Benefit

    Premiums can be paid in monthly, quarterly, half yearly and annual options.

    Policyholder gets benefits under Section 80 C and Section 10 (10) D

  • • Maturity & Survival Claims :

    The payment made by the insurance company on completion of the term of policy or maturity date is called maturity payment. The amount payable consists of sum assured plus any bonus/incentives.

    The insurance company informs the policyholder in advance by sending bank discharge form for filling details in it. The form needs to be returned to the insurance company with an original policy document, ID proof, Cancelled Cheque and copy of passbook.

  • • Life Insurance Claim Process :

    The main purpose of taking an insurance policy is that it should come in use in times of crises. 

    Death claim settlement process

    Step One: Intimation to the insurance company about the Claim

    The nominee should inform the insurance company as soon as possible to enable the insurance company to start with the claim process. The details required for intimation are policy number, name of the insured, date of death, cause of death, place of death, name of the nominee etc. The claim intimation form can be obtained from us or even by downloading it from the insurance company website.

    Step Two: Documents required

    1.The nominee will be asked to furnish the following documents:

    2.Death certificate

    3.Age of the life insured (if not already given)

    4.Original Policy document

    5.Any other document as per the requirement of the particular insurer or case related.

    6.For early death claims i.e. the claim that has arisen within three years of the policy is in force the company will do an extra investigation to ensure it is a genuine claim. They might do the following:

    7.Check with the hospital if the deceased was admitted to the hospital.

    8.In case of an air crash confirmation from the airline, authorities check if the policyholder was a passenger on the plane.

    9.In case of death from medical causes, the insurance company will ask the hospital to provide doctor's certificate, treatment records etc If the policyholder dies due to murder, suicide, accident then police FIR report, post mortem report etc shall be required.

    Step Three: Submission of required Documents for Claim Processing

    For quicker claim processing, the nominee must submit complete documentation as early as possible and any other documents that the company needs to pass the claim.

    Step Four: Settlement of Claim

    As per the regulation 8 of the IRDAI (Policy holder's Interest) Regulations, 2002, the insurer is obligated to settle a claim within 30 days of receipt of all necessary documents including extra documents sought by the insurer. If the claim requires further investigation, the insurer needs to complete its procedures within 6 months from receiving the written intimation of claim.

  • • Rider Claims :

     Different riders can be attached to the base life insurance policy for enhanced protection. The riders can be an accidental rider, critical illness rider, waiver of premium rider etc. For different riders, different claim proceedings are required. Some riders may be valid with the death claim like accidental death rider or some riders need to processed standalone like a waiver of premium rider in case of disability.

    For Critical Illness Rider- necessary medical documents such as first diagnosis report, Doctor's report, etc are required. For Accidental disability rider - a copy of FIR, Certificate of disability by the treating doctor, doctor's report etc are required.